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Bibliography

Books in Bulgarian
Матеев, Матей: Среднородопски конаци, Пловдив 2004
Стоянов, Борислав: Старата родопска архитектура, Техника 1964
Expect: Practical guide on earthen building

Books in English
Joy, Rick: Desert works, Princeton architectural press, 2002
Rael, Ronald: Earth architecture, Princeton architectural press, 2009

Books in French
Fontaine, Laeticia & Anger, Romain: Batir en terre, Berlin, 2009
Pignal, Bruno: Terre crue, Eyrolles, 2010
Houben, Hugo & Guillaud, Hubert: Traite de construction en terre, Parentheses, 1995

Books in German
Kapfinger, Otto & Rauch, Martin: Rammed earth, Birkhauser, 2001
Volhard, Frank: Leichtlehmbau, Karlsruhe, 1983

Links
CraTerre: earth building institute, Grenoble
AsTerre: French association for earthen building
Dachverband Lehm: German association for earthen building
Earth Architecture Blog, US earth architecture blog
FAL e.V.: Association for regional development – Germany
Rahovitza: Eco-project –Bulgaria
AkTerre: Company proposing earth building materials – France

Terminology

Earth building
In the Bulgarian language the word “earth” means the planet on which we live as well as the top layer of this planet – the surface on which life develops. As the words clay (one of the constitutive elements of earth), kirpitch (word of Turkish origin –synonym of clay), daubed earth (a type of building technique, soil, ground … have a partial, incomplete meaning to cover the different building techniques, I use the term “earth building” to designate all the building techniques that use earth as a main building material. 

Ecological building
Holistic building approach that aims at improving the relationship between Man and the surrounding environment through:

– using  local and available building materials with a short production cycle that are easy to recycle;
– taking into account the local climate conditions and relief;
– taking into account the local culture, customs and traditions;
– optimized use of energies and energy sources for life necessities;
– optimized use of entering and exiting natural elements (water, air).

Sustainable building
Building that searches to optimize the use of materials, energies, natural elements (water, air) and to minimize the footprint of Man on the environment. This approach insists on technological solutions rather than the complete reconsideration of the role and place of Man in natural processes.

Bio-climatic building
Building that proposes an optimized comfort to the inhabitants through a rational use of the disposition of the building in relation with the geographic conditions, the movement of the sun, material’s properties (insulation, inertia, reverberation…), as well as the natural elements (air, water).